Pali Proper Names - P -
- Pāra Sutta. The Buddha teaches of the further shore (beyond
samsāra) and the path leading thereto. S.iv.369.
- Paradārika Sutta. About a man of Rājagaha, an adulterer, born as a
peta in a dung pit and seen by Mahā Moggallāna. S.ii.258.
- Pāragā. A class of devas. D.ii.260.
- Paragāma vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabāhu I.
- Pāragangā. The region beyond the Ganges (E.g., J.ii.333; vi.427),
to be exiled into which was a great punishment. E.g., SN. pp. 32, 47.
- Pārājikā. The first of the two divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of
- Pārājikākanda. The first chapter of the Pārājikā.
- Pārājikuddesa. The third of the five divisions of the
- Parakkamabāhupāsāda. A monastic building attached to the Valligāma
vihāra and erected by Parakkamabāhu IV. Cv.xc.96.
- Parakkamapandu. One of the three Virapperayaras whom Lankāpura won
over with gifts to alliance with Vīrapandu. Cv.lxxvii.6.
- Parakkamasāgara. A tank built by Parakkamabāhu I. It was connected
with the Kāragangā by the Godāvarī Canal. Cv.lxxix.28,67.
- Parakkamatalika. A tank built by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.27). See
- Parakkantabāhu, Parakkantabhuja. See Parakkamabāhu.
- Parakusinātā. One of the cities of
Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy base. D.iii.200.
- Paramannadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he invited
Vipassī Buddha to his house, where he served him with excellent food.
- Paramarāja. A king of Ayodhya (in India?) who built a monastery,
called the Lankārāma, for the Elder Dhammakitti. P.L.C.245.
- Paramassāsa Sutta. A conversation between Sāriputta and
Jambukhādaka on what constitutes supreme comfort. S.ii.254; cp.iv.261.
- Paramatta. A Brahmā who was present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.
- Paramatthabindu. A grammatical work on Pāli, by King Kyocvā of
Pagan. There is a Tīkā on it by Mahā Kassapa. Bode, op. cit., 25.
- Paramatthadīpa. Another name for the Khemappakarana (q.v.).
- Paramatthadīpanī 1. Dhammapāla's Commentary on the Udānā,
Itivuttaka, Vimānavatthu, Petavatthu, Theragāthā and Therīgāthā (Gv.60). It
seems also to have been called Vimalavilāsinī. P.L.C.114, n.4.
- Paramatthadīpanī 2.-The name given to the Pañcappakaratthakathā.
- Paramatthajotikā. Buddhaghosa's
Commentary on the Khuddakapātha, Dhammapada, Sutta Nipāta and Jātaka.
- Paramatthamañjūsā 1.
Dhammapāla’s Commentary (Tīkā) on the Visuddhi-Magga. P.L.C.113.
- Paramatthamañjūsā 2.
An Abhidhamma treatise by Vepullabuddhi. Bode, op. cit., 28.
- Paramatthapakāsinī.-The name given to the Mūlatikā on the
Abhidhamma-Pitaka written in Ceylon under Mahā Kassapa. SadS.60.
- Paramatthavinicchaya. A treatise on the Abhidhamma written by
Anuruddha of Kāñcipura. There exists a Tīkā on it by Māhābodhi Thera.
P.L.C.173f.; Gv.61,71; Svd.1226, 1230; Sās.69. It was written at the request
of Sangha-rakkhita. Gv.71.
- Pāramīmahāsataka. A Pāli poem of one hundred verses, in twelve
sections, dealing with the ten pāramitā, written by Dhammakitti Sangharāja.
The poem is based on the Jātaka and the Cariyā Pitaka. P.L.C. 242.
- Parammarana Sutta. Mahā Kassapa explains to Sāriputta that the
Buddha has omitted to say anything of his existence or otherwise after death,
because such a discussion would be fruitless; but he has taught of dukkha and
its cessation, because that is fruitful. S.ii.222f.
- Parangī. The Pāli name for the Portuguese, who invaded Ceylon.
E.g., Cv.xcv. 5, 96; xcviii.80.
- Parantapabbata.-One of the ambassadors sent by Devānampiyatissa to
Asoka. Dpv.xi.29, 31.
- Pārāpara. The name of a family. See Pārāpariya.
- Pārāpata Jātaka. See Romaka Jātaka.
- Parappasādaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he was a
brahmin named Sena, who, seeing Siddhattha Buddha, praised him in four
stanzas. Fourteen kappas ago he was king four times under the name of Uggata
(Ap.i.113f). He is probably identical with Bhūta Thera. ThagA.i.494.
- Parasamuddavāsī Therī.-Referred to in the Commentaries (e.g.,
MA.ii.726); the reference is probably to the monks of India, as opposed to
those of Ceylon.
- Pārāsara. The name of a family. See Pārāsariya.
- Paresa Sutta. On three qualities essential for one who teaches
others the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Paribbājaka Vagga. The eighth chapter of the Majjhima Nikāya,
containing suttas 71 80. M.i.481ff.
- Paribhutta.-A city in the time of Sikhī Buddha, where the
Bodhisatta was born as King Arindama. BuA.203.
- Pāricchattaka Vagga. The third chapter of the Vimāna Vatthu.
Pāricchattaka Vimāna Vatthu
- Parihāni Sutta. Sāriputta tells the monks of four qualities that
bring about "falling off": abundance of lust, hatred, and delusion, and want
of wisdom in profound matters. A.ii.143f.
(or Abhijāna) Sutta. By not thoroughly knowing or understanding the five
khandhas one is unfit for the destruction of suffering. S.iii.26f.
- Parijānana Sutta. Without comprehending and detaching himself from
the all eye, nose, etc. a man is incapable of extinguishing suffering.
- Pārikā, Pārī. A hunter's daughter, wife of Dukūlaka and mother of
Suvannāsama (the Bodhisatta). For details see the Sāma Jātaka. Pārikā was a
former birth of Bhaddā Kāpilānī. J.vi.95; Mil.123.
- Parikkhāra Sutta. The seven requisites for the attainment of
samddhi the first seven stages of the Noble Eightfold Path. A.iv.40.
- Parikuppa Sutta. Five kinds of persons who lie festering
(parikuppa) in hell: those who kill mother, father, or arahant, maliciously
draw blood from the Buddha, or create dissension in the Order. A.iii.146.
- Parilāha Sutta. Not to understand dukkha and its cessation is far
more fearsome than to be born in the Parilāha-niraya. S.v.450.
- Parilāha. A niraya where all objects of the senses, even when
really attractive, appear quite repulsive to those experiencing them. S.v.450.
- Pārileyyaka Sutta. When the Buddha was staying in a forest near
Pārileyya, some monks asked Ananda to take them to him. This he did, and the
Buddha, reading the thoughts of certain monks, preached a sermon on the
destruction of the āsavas by the full realization of impermanence and the
absence of any self. S.iii.95ff.
- Parimandala Vagga. The first section of the Sekhiyā. Vin.iv.185 7.
- Parimucchita Sutta. One who does not regard the body, etc., as "I"
and "mine" and as "self" will not have a hereafter. S.iii.165.
- Parinda. A Damila usurper, son of King Pandu. He ruled in
Anurādhapura for three years between 433 and 460, and was succeeded by his
youngest brother, Khudda Parinda. Cv.xxxviii.29.
- Pariññeyya Sutta. The All should be fully known. S.iv.29.
- Parisā Vagga. The fifth chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Anguttara
- Parisuddha Sutta. Eight conditions the factors of the Noble
Eightfold Path which are absolutely pure and which come into being only on
the appearance of a Tathāgata. S.v.15.
- Parisuddha Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of
the Anguttara Nikāya. A.v.237 40.
- Parisuddha. A king of sixty seven kappas ago, a previous birth of
Dussadāyaka Thera. Ap.i.185.
- Parittasubhā. A class of devas belonging to the Subhas (M.iii.102).
Beings are born among them after attaining the third jhāna (VibhA. 507). Their
life span is sixteen kappas. AbhS. 23.
- Parittikkundirattha.-A district in South India. It was given over
to Colagangara in return for his allegiance to Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvii.9.
- Parittikundiyāra. A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
Parivārapātha (or Parivāra)
- Pārivāsika Khandha. The second section of the Culla Vagga of the
- Parivena vihāra. A vihāra in Rohana, built by Aggabodhi, ruler of
Rohana (Aggabodhi 6). Cv.xlv.45.
- Pariyādinna Suttā. Two suttas on how attachments arise and on how
they can be completely exhausted. S.iv.33f.
- Pariyesanā Sutta. On four quests that are un Ariyan and four that
are Ariyan. A.ii.247.
Parosahassa Jātaka (No. 99)
- Parosahassa Sutta. Relates how once, when the Buddha was at
Jetavana with twelve hundred and fifty monks, instructing them and inciting
them by means of a sermon on Nibbāna, Vangīsa, who was in the assembly, after
obtaining the Buddha's permission, extolled him in a number of verses.
- Parosata Jātaka
(No. 101). This story is analogous in all respects to the Parosahassa Jātaka
- Parosata Vagga. The eleventh chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the
Jātakatthakathā. J.i.410 24.
- Pāsa. A locality in South India, captured by Lankāpura.
- Pasādabahula Sutta.-See Pāsādabahula, which is a wrong reading.
- Pāsādakampana Vagga. The second chapter of the Iddhipāda Samyutta
(S.v.263ff). It derives its name from the Pāsādakampana (or Moggallāna) Sutta
- Pasādapāsāda. A monastic building erected in the
Selantarasamūhavihāra by Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.84.
- Pāsāna Sutta. Once when the Buddha was in Gijjhakūta on a dark and
rainy night, Māra sent many rocks crashing down in order to frighten him, but
the Buddha was quite calm (S.i.109).
- Pāsānachātaka. See Akkhakkhāyika.
- Pāsānagāmavāpī. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.
- Pāsānalekha Sutta. Three kinds of persons: like carvings on rock,
on the ground and on water. The first is easily angered and his anger lasts
long; that of the second does not last long; the third is easily reconciled.
- Pāsānapabbata. A hill near Anurādhapura, to the north of the
Nīcasusāna, laid out by Pandukābhaya. Mhv.x.35.
- Pāsānasinna. A locality in Ceylon where Dhātusena built the
Dhātusenapabbata vihāra. Cv.xxxviii.47.
- Pāsānatittha. A ford across the Kadambanadī. From this ford the
sīmā of the Mahāvihāra started, returning to the same spot. In Pāsānatittha
was the Kuddavātakapāsāna. Mbv. 134,135.
- Pāsānavāpigāma.-A village in Rohana, near Mahāgāma. Ras.i.103.
- Pāsarāsi Sutta. Another name for the Ariyapariyesanā Sutta (q.v.).
See also MA.ii.740.
- Pasayha Sutta. Five powers - beauty, wealth, kin, sons, virtue -
the possession of which enables a woman to live at home, overpowering
(pasayha) her husband. S.iv.246.
- Passaddhi Sutta. On tranquillity - a conversation between Ananda
and Udāyī. A.iv.455.
- Passī. A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list. M.iii.70;
- Pātāla Sutta. The worldlings speak of a bottomless pit (pātāla) in
the mighty ocean. But the real pātāla is painful bodily feeling, which brings
about weeping and wailing and lamentation. S.iv.206f.
or Mānapa Sutta. A series of discussions between
Pātali and the Buddha, on various topics. S.iv.340ff.
- Pātaligāmiya Vagga. The eighth section of the Udāna. Ud., pp.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago he was a setthi putta who, seeing
Tissa Buddha, offered him a lapful of pātaliflowers. Sixty three kappas ago he
was a king named Abhisammata. Ap.i.122f.
- Pātaliputta. A Paribbājaka; see Potaliputta, for which it is a
- Patāpa. A mythical king, descendant of Mahāsammata. His father was
Mahāruci (or Suruci) and his son was Mahāpatāpa. Dpv.iii.7; Mhv.ii.44.
- Patāpana. A Niraya (J.v.266, 453), so called because its heat was
excessive (ativiya tāpetī ti Patāpano). J.v.271.
- Pātapata. A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of
the campaigns of Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.224, 234.
- Pathama Cetiya. A cetiya built by Devānampiyatissa, on the spot
where Mahinda alighted on his first visit to Anurādhapura and the king's
palace. Mhv.xiv.45; xx.20; Sp.i.79. One of the eight Bodhi saplings was
planted there. Mhv.xix.61.
- Pathamasambodhi. The name of a book. Gv. 65, 75.
- Pathamasuddhiya Sutta. The four jhānas, which, when cultivated,
flow to Nibbāna, just as the Ganges flows to the east. S.v.307.
- Pathavicālaka Dhammagutta. See Dhammagutta.
- Pathavidundubhi. A king of ninety one kappas ago, a previous birth
of Mānava (Sammukhāthavika). ThagA.i.163; Ap.i.159.
- Pathavindhara 1. A Nāga king, a previous birth of Rāhula. AA.i.142,
etc.; but see s.v. Rāhula.
- Pathavindhara 2. Son of Kiki, king of Benares. He built one of the
gateways of the Dhātughara of Kassapa Buddha. SNA.i.194.
- Pātheyya Sutta.-Spoken in answer to a deva's questions. Faith is
the provision for the way (of samsāra); desires drag men round and round.
- Pātheyyakā. See Pāveyyakā.
- Pāthīna. A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.58.
- Pāti Sutta. Dire are gains, favours and flattery. They tempt even a
man, otherwise incorruptible, to lie for the sake of a silver bowl filled with
gold dust, or a golden bowl filled with silver dust. S.ii.233.
- Patibhāna Sutta. The four kinds of people
in the world: he who replies to the point, not diffusely; he who replies
diffusely; etc. A.ii.135.
- Pātibhoga Sutta. Four things against which there can be no surety:
decay, disease, death and rebirth. A.ii.112; cp.iii.54; Kvu.457.
- Paticchanna Sutta. Three things which are practised in secret: the
ways of women, the chants of brahmins, the views of perverse men; and three
others which are there for all to see: the sun, the moon, and the
dhamma-vinaya of a Tathāgata. A.i.282.
- Patidesanīya Vagga. One of the sub divisions of the Pācittiya.
- Pātihāriyakathā. The sixth chapter of the Paññāvagga of the
- Pātihīrasaññaka Thera. An arahant. In the past he had seen the
miracles attending the entry of Padumuttara Buddha into his city and marvelled
- Patijagga. Sixty seven kappas ago there were seven kings of this
name, all previous incarnations of Citakapūjaka Thera. Ap.i.237.
- Patikkūla Sutta. The idea of the repulsiveness of food, if
cultivated and encouraged, conduces to great profit. S.v.132.
- Patikolamba. A cook. He refused to listen to Sattigumba who
suggested killing the Pañcāla king (J.iv.431f.). See the Sattigumba Jātaka.
- Patilābha Sutta. A description of the five indriyas. S.v.199f.
- Patilīna Sutta. A monk, who has shaken off various speculations,
has given up searching for sense pleasures and going on other quests and has
obtained calm by abandoning pleasure and pain, such a one is called patilīna
- Patimā vihāra. A monastery probably in Kānagāma, where Aggabodhi,
ruler of Rohana, set up a large stone image of the Buddha. Cv.xlv.43.
- Pātimokkha Sutta. A monk asks the Buddha for a brief teaching. The
Buddha tells him that he should dwell in the self control of the Pātimokkha,
well equipped in his range of practice (ācāragocarasampanno), seeing danger in
the minutest faults and undertaking the precepts. Thus will he be able to
develop the four satipatthānas. S.v.187.
- Pātimokkhalekhana. A book for Vinaya students, by Ñānavara. Bode,
op cit., 67.
- Pātimokkhathapana Khandaka. The ninth chapter of the Culla Vagga of
the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Pātimokkhavisodhanī. A commentary by Saddhammajotipāla. Gv.p.64.
- Patipatti Sutta. Preached at Sāvatthi, on wrong conduct and right
- Patipatti Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Magga Samyutta.
- Patipattisangaha.-A Pāli work by an unknown author. Gv. 62, 72.
- Patirūpa Sutta. The Buddha was once staying in Ekasālā in Kosala,
and there preached to a large congregation. Māra warned the Buddha not to
teach, lest he should suffer both from the zeal of his supporters and the
anger of his opponents. The Tathāgatha is unmindful of both, answered the
- Patisallāna Sutta. The Buddha exhorts the monks to apply themselves
to solitude, because the solitary man knows things as they really are.
S.iii.15; iv.80; v.414.
- Patisambhidākathā. The sixth section of the Yuganaddhavagga of the
Patisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.147 158.
- Patisankhāra. Thirty kappas ago there were thirteen kings of this
name, all previous births of Sudhāpindiya Thera. Ap.i.133.
- Patisārānīya Sutta. Eight kinds of disqualifications in a monk,
which entitle the Order to censure him. A.iv.346f.
- Patitthārattha. Another name for Rājarattha (q.v.), a division of
- Patitthita Sutta. On how a monk may establish earnestness in the
five indriyas. S.v.232.
- Patiyāloka. A place near Rājagaha. Vin.iv.79, 131.
- Patiyārāma. The name of the Thūpārāma in the time of Kakusandha
Buddha. Sp.i.86; Dpv.xvii.11.
- Patoda Sutta. Four kinds of thoroughbred steeds in the world and
the corresponding four kinds of thoroughbred men. The first kind of
thoroughbred steed is stirred at the very sight of the shadow of the goad
stick, similarly thoroughbred men are agitated at the news of another's
- Pattadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he gave a
bowl to Siddhattha Buddha. Ap.i.224.
- Pattakamma Sutta. Preached to Anāthapindika. Four things are
difficult to acquire in the world: wealth lawfully obtained, good report, long
life, happy rebirth. Four things conduce to their attainment: perfection of
faith, of virtue, of generosity and of wisdom. A.ii.65ff.
- Pattakamma Vagga. The seventh chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the
Anguttara Nikāya. A.ii.65 76.
- Pāttanallūra. A fortress in South India, once occupied by
Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvi.304,306; lxxvii.71.
- Pattapāsāna. A district of Ceylon, given for the maintenance of the
Jetthārāma, by Jetthā, chief queen of Aggabodhi IV. Cv.xlvi.28.
- Pattapāsānavāpī. A tank in Ceylon, formed by Moggallāna II. by the
damming up of the Kadambanadī (Cv.xli.61). It was restored by Vijyabāhu 1.
(Ibid., lx.50) and again by Parakkamabāhu 1. Ibid., lxxix.34.
- Patthāna Sutta.-Three good results for which the good life should
be lived. Sutta Sangaha No.29; Itv.67f. Perhaps the correct name is Patthanā
Sutta. The Udāna calls it Sukka Sutta.
- Patthānaganānaya. An Abhidhamma treatise ascribed to
- Patthānappakarana. The last "book"
of the Abhidhammapitaka. It might be described as the book of "causes," and
deals with the twenty four paccayas or modes of relations between things,
mental and material. Its Commentary was written by Buddhaghosa at the request
of a monk called Culla Buddhaghosa.
- Patthānasāradīpanī. A work by a monk named Saddhammālankāra. Sās.
48; Bode, op. cit., 47.
- Patthodanadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he was a
forester, and one day, when wandering in the forest with his basket of rice,
he saw the Buddha (Siddhattha?) and offered him the food. Ap.ii.376f.
- Patti. A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.144.
- Pattipupphiya Thera. An arahant. He offered a patti flower to the
body of Padumuttara Buddha as it was being taken in the procession for
- Pātubhava Sutta. Six things, the manifestation of which in this
world is rare. A.iii.441.
- Pavarā. One of the five daughters of
Vessavana, appointed, with her sisters, to dance before
Sakka. Vv.iii.4; VvA.131.
- Pavāranakkhandha. The fourth section of the Mahā Vagga of the
- Pāvārikārāma. See
- Pavāsi Sutta.-A name given in the Sutta Sangaha (No. 37) to Mitta
- Pavattā. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; MA.ii.890.
- Pavattanī Sutta. Religious talk is profitable when they who teach
the Dhamma are separately and together able to penetrate the spirit and the
letter of the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Pavesana Sutta. Ten evil results of a monk visiting the king's
harem. A.v.81ff.; cp. Vin.iv.159.
Sutta. See Timsamatta Sutta.
- Pāveyyaka. An elephant. See
Payāga, Payāgatittha, Payāgapatitthāna
- Pāyāgā. A class of Nāgas (D.ii.258). The Commentary explains
(DA.ii.688) that they lived in Pāyāgapatitthāna.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he offered a bronze bowl
filled with milk rice to Vipassī Buddha. Forty one kappas ago he was a king
named Buddha (Ap.i.157). He is probably identical with Vacchapāla Thera.
- Payogasiddhi. A Pāli grammatical work, belonging to the Moggallāna
school, by Vanaratana Medhankara. P.L.C.230f.