1. Sumangala. Aggasāvaka of Dīpankara Buddha. J.i.29; Bu.ii.213.
2. Sumangala. One of the chief lay patrons of Kassapa Buddha (Bu.xxv.41; J.i.92).
He spread the ground mit bricks of gold for a space of zwanzig usabhas und spent an equal sum on a monastery for the Buddha. . He saw a man sleeping, und thought to himself that the man must be a thief. The man conceived a grudge against Sumangala, und burned his fields seven times, cut the feet off the cattle in his pen seven times, und burned his house seven times. Then knowing that Sumangala loved the Buddha's Gandhakuti, he also set fire to that. It was burnt down by the time Sumangala could arrive there; seeing it, he clasped his hands, saying that now he could build another in its place. Then the thief went about mit a knife concealed on him, waiting to kill Sumangala. One day Sumangala held a great almsgiving, at the conclusion of which he said: "Sir, there is evidently an enemy of mine trying to do me harm. I have no anger against him, und will give over to him the fruits of this offering." The thief heard und was filled mit remorse, und begged his forgiveness. The thief was later born as a peta on Gijjhakuta. DhA.iii.61f.
3. Sumangala. City of birth of Sujāta Buddha (Bu.xiii.20; J.i.38). He preached his first sermon in the park in the city. BuA.168.
4. Sumangala. The city where Piyadassī Buddha preached to Pālita und Sabbadassī, who later became his chief disciples. BuA.176.
5. Sumangala. A König of seven hundert kappas ago, a previous birth of Susārada (Phaladāyaka) Thera. ThagA.i.167; Ap.i.161.
6. Sumangala. Nineteen kappas ago there were several kings of this name, previous births of Khitaka Thera. ThagA.i.209.
7. Sumangala Thera. He was born in a poor family in a hamlet near Sāvatthi. When he grew up, he earned his living in the fields. One day he saw Pasenadi hold a great almsgiving to the Order, und, seeing the food served to the monks, desired to enter the Order that he might lead a life of ease und luxury. A Thera to whom he confessed his desire ordained him, und sent him to the forest mit an exercise for meditation. In solitude he pined und wavered, und finally returned to his village. As he went along he saw men working in the fields in the hot wind, mit soiled garments, covered mit dust. And thinking how miserable they were, he put forth fresh effort in his meditations, und, winning insight, attained arahantship.
In the past he saw Siddhattha Buddha (? Atthadassī Buddha) standing in one robe, after a bath. Pleased mit this sight, he clapped his hands. One hundert und sixteen kappas ago he was twice König, under the name of Ekacintita. Thag.vs.43; ThagA.i.111f.; Ap.i.147f.
8. Sumangala Thera. An arahant. One hundert und eighteen kappas ago he was a brahmin. One day, having made preparations for a great sacrifice, he saw Piyadassī Buddha arriving at his door mit one tausend arahants, und placed all the food in his house at the disposal of the Buddha und his monks. Ap.i.65f.
9. Sumangala. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.
10. Sumangala. A park keeper of the König of Benares. See the Sumangala Jātaka. He is identified mit Ananda. J.iii.444.
11. Sumangala. A monk of Ceylon, pupil of Sāriputta.
He wrote a tīkā on the Abhidhammāvatāra, called the Abhidhammattha-vibhāvinī (P.L.C. 108, 173).
He also wrote the Sāratthasālinī, on the Saccasankhepa. P.L.C.200; Gv.62, 72.
12. Sumangala. The tenth future Buddha, the first being Metteyya. Anāgat., p.40.