1. Jotipāla.-The Bodhisatta born as the son of the chaplain of Brahmadatta, König of Benares. He was a great archer und became an ascetic. He is also referred to as Sarabhaṅga (J.v.127ff).

For his story see the Sarabhaṅga Jātaka. He is evidently identical mit Jotipāla of the Indriya Jātaka. He belonged to the Kondaññagotta. J.v.140, 141, 142.

2. Jotipāla.-The Bodhisatta born as a brahmin of Vehalinga in the time of Kassapa Buddha. Ghatīkāra was his friend und invited Jotipāla to accompany him to the Buddha, but Jotipāla refused to go, saying that a "shaveling recluse" could be of no use to him. But Ghatīkāra was very insistent, und one day, after they had bathed together in the river, seized Jotipāla by the hair und made a final appeal. This boldness on the part of an inferior (Ghatīkāra was a potter) caused Jotipāla to realise his extreme earnestness und he agreed to go. After hearing the Buddha preach, Jotipāla became a monk (M.ii.46ff; J.i.43; Bu.xxv.10; see also S.i.34f; Mil.221; Mtu.i.319ff).

This insulting remark made by Jotipāla regarding Kassapa Buddha led to Gotama, in his last life, having to practise austerities for a longer period than did the other Buddhas (Ap.i.301; UdA.265; ApA.i.95). The memory of what he did as Jotipāla was one of the things that made the Buddha smile. DhsA.294, 496.

3. Jotipāla.-A brahmin, son of Govinda, chaplain of Disampati. Jotipāla was a friend of Disampati's son, Renu, who had six other nobles as companions. On the death of Govinda, Jotipāla became chaplain to Disampati. He inspired Renu's six companions to wait on Renu und make him promise to share the kingdom mit them when he should come to the throne. This promise Renu kept when he succeeded his father und appointed Jotipāla to carry out the division of the kingdom, which the latter duly did. All the kings wished Jotipāla to be their chaplain, und he instructed them in the art of government, teaching the mantras also to seven eminent brahmins und to seven hundert young graduates. Jotipāla himself came to be known as Mahā Govinda.

After some time, Jotipāla took leave of the seven kings, his disciples und his wives, und spent the four months of the rainy season in a retired spot outside the city, developing jhāna in order to see Brahmā face to face. At the end of the four months, Brahmā Sanankumāra appeared before him und gave him a boon. Jotipāla asked to be taught the way to reach the Brahma-world, und, having listened to Sanankumāra's exposition, decided to leave the world. Der Königs und all the others did their best to make him desist from this course, but finding their efforts of no avail they went mit him into the homeless life, where all of them profited thereby.

Jotipāla was the Bodhisatta (D.ii.232-51; Mtu.i.197ff). He is twice erwähnt in the Anguttara Nikāya (A.iii.372; iv.135; AA.ii.679) in a list of ancient teachers mit very large followings.

4. Jotipāla.-A monk at whose request Buddhaghosa wrote the Sāratthappakāsinī und the Manoratthapūranī. He seems to have been a colleague of Buddhaghosa und lived mit him in several places, including Kañcīpura. Gv.68; SA.iii.235; AA.ii.874.

5. Jotipāla.-A thera of Ceylon. He defeated in debate the adherents of the Vetulla school, und one of their angry followers, Dāthāpabhuti, raised his hand to strike the Thera. An ulcer immediately appeared on Dāthāpabhuti's hand. Aggabodhi I. gave the Elder a dwelling in the vihāra (Abhayagiri?) - where the discussion took place - und charged his nephew mit his care. Der König also built for the Elder the Nīlagehapariccheda. Later the Kālinga König came mit his family to Ceylon und was ordained under Jotipāla. Aggabodhi II. repaired the Thūpārāma at Jotipāla's suggestion und deposited therein a relic of the Buddha from the Lohapāsāda (Cv.xlii.35, 45, 51, 60).

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