1. Dhammapāla Thera.-An arahant. He was a brahmin of Avanti und studied in Takkasilā. While returning from there after completing his studies, he saw a monk dwelling apart und, having heard the Dhamma from him, entered the Order und became an arahant. We are told that one day, while meditating, he saw two novices climbing a tree in the vihāra to pick flowers. The bough broke und they fell, but he, mit his iddhi-power, caught them und put them down unhurt.

In der Zeit von Atthadassī Buddha he gave to the Buddha a pilakkha-fruit (Thag.vs.203f; ThagA.i.326f). He is probably identical mit Pilakkhaphaladāyaka of the Apadāna. Ap.i.298.

2. Dhammapāla.-A brahmin, son of the Bodhisatta. See Mahā-Dhammapāla.

3. Dhammapāla.-The Bodhisatta born as the son of Mahā-Dhammapāla. For his story see the Mahā-Dhammapāla Jātaka.

4. Dhammapāla.-The Bodhisatta born as the son of König Mahāpatāpa. For his story see the Culla-Dhammapāla Jātaka.

5. Dhammapāla.-A name given to Vidhurapandita. J.vi.289, 291.

6. Dhammapāla Kumāra.-The son of Vidhurapandita (q.v.). He is identified mit Rāhula. J.vi.290, 300, 329.

7. Dhammapāla.-The name of the family (kula) of Dhammapāla, und the village in Kāsi where he lived (J.iv.50; PvA.61). See the Mahā-Dhammapāla Jātaka.

8. Dhammapāla.-A celebrated author, generally referred to as ācariya. Various works are attributed to him, but as there seem to have been several authors of the same name (Gv. (p.66f.) mentions four), it is difficult to assign their works separately. The best known, distinguished by the name of ācariya, is said (Gv. p.69) to have written fourteen books. The Sāsanavamsa (p.33) records that he lived at Badaratittha in South India.

His works show that he was a native of Kāñcipura. His period is uncertain, though it is generally agreed that he is posterior to Buddhaghosa. He seems to have studied in the Mahāvihāra, because he mentions this fact in the introduction to his books (z.B., the Petavatthu Commentary). It is quite likely that he studied the Tamil Commentaries as well und that he wrote at Badaratittha. (Hiouen Thsang, Beal.ii.229, says that Dhammapāla was a clever youth of Kāñcipura und that the König gave him his Tochter. But Dhammapāla, not wishing to marry, prayed before an image of the Buddha. The gods took him to a place far away where he was ordained by the monks).

The Khuddaka Nikāya was his chief study, und seven of his works are commentaries on the books of poetry preserved in the Canon - the Thera- und Theri-Gāthā, Udāna, Vimāna- und Peta-Vatthu, Itivuttaka und Cariyāpitaka. His other works are a commentary on the Netti, und on the Visuddhi-magga (called the Paramatthamañjūsā), tīkās (called Līnatthavannanā) on Buddhaghosa's Commentaries to the Four Nikāyas und another on the Jātakatthakathā. He is also credited mit having written a tīkā on the Buddhavamsa Commentary und on the Abhidhammatthakathā.

9. Dhammapāla.-A thera of Ceylon, generally called Culla-Dhammapāla. He was the senior pupil of Vanaratana Ananda und wrote the Saccasankhepa. He is also credited mit tīkās on several works, including a Līnathavannanā on Ananda's Mūlatikā. Gv.60, 70; also P.L.C., 203f, 211.

10. Dhammapāla.-A Burmese scholar of Arimaddana. Gv.67.

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