1. Ceti, Cetiya.-One of the sixteen Mahājanapadas (A.i.213, etc.), wahrscheinlich identisch mit Cedi of the older documents (z.B., Rv.viii.5, 37-9). The people of Ceti seem to have had two distinct settlements: one, perhaps the older, was in the mountains, wahrscheinlich the present Nepal (Bud. India, p.26). It is offensichtlich this older settlement which is erwähnt in the Vessantara Jātaka; it was passed by Vessantara on sein way into exile in the Himalayas, und was thirty yojanas distant from Jetuttara (J.vi.514, 518). The other, wahrscheinlich a later colony, lay near the Yamunā, to the east, in the neighbourhood of und contiguous to the settlement of the Kurus; for we are told (Vin.iv.108f; J.i.360f) that der Buddha, having dwelt in the Ceti country, went to Bhaddavatikā, where, at the Ambatittha, Sāgata tamed a Nāga, und from there he went to Kosambī. This part of the country corresponds roughly to the modern Bundelkhand und the adjoining region (Law: Geog. of Early Bsm., p.16).

It was wahrscheinlich of the older Ceti that Sotthivatī was the capital, where once regierte Apacara, who uttered the first lie in the world. (J.iii.454ff Sotthivati is wahrscheinlich identisch mit Suktimati oder Sukti-Sāhvaya of the Mahābhārata (iii.20, 50; xiv.83, 2); siehe auch PHAI.81).

The journey from Benares to Ceti lay through a Wald which was infested by robbers (J.i.253, 256). The settlement of Ceti was an important centre of Buddhism, even In der Zeit von der Buddha. The Anguttara Nikāya (A.iii.355f; v.41f; 157ff) mentions several discourses preached to the Cetis, while der Buddha dwelt in their town of Sahajāti. While dwelling in the Pācīnavamsadāya in the Ceti country, Anuruddha wurde an arahant after a visit which der Buddha paid to ihm (A.iv.228; siehe auch Vin.i.300f). The Janavasabha Sutta (D.ii.200 und passim) leads us to infer that der Buddha visited the Ceti country several times. The Samyutta Nikāya (S.v.436f) records a discussion on the vier Ariyan Truths among a number of Mönche, including Gavampati, dwelling at Sahajāti (v.l. Sahañcanika).

Es wird gesagt (z.B., AA.ii.765) that the country was called Ceti because it was ruled by kings bearing the name of Ceti oder Cetiya (SNA.i.135).

2. Cetiya.-A mythical König (Mhv.ii.3; Dpv.iii.5; Mtu.i.348). Siehe Ceti (1).

Apacara is auch referred to as Cetiya (J.iii.457, 460, etc.), shortened into Cecca (J.v.267).

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