The name of a people and their country, the modern Bengal.

It is nowhere mentioned in the four Nikāyas, nor included among the Mahājanapadas.

The mother of Sīhabāhu and Sīhasīvalī was a Vanga princess, the daughter of the Vanga king who had married the daughter of the king of Kalinga (; Dpv.ix.2).

The Milinda (p. 359) mentions Vanga as a trading place to be reached by sea.

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