1. Vijaya. The first Ariyan König of Ceylon. He was the eldest of the thirty two sons of Sīhabāhu, König of Lāla, und of Sīhasīvalī. Because of his evil conduct he, mit seven hundert others, was deported by the König, mit their heads half shaved. Their wives und children were deported mit them. The children landed at Naggadīpa und the women at Mahilādīpaka (MT. 264). Vijaya und the other men landed at Suppāraka, but was obliged to leave owing to the violence of his supporters.
According to Dpv.ix.26, Vijaya went from Suppāraka to Bhārukaccha, where he stayed for three months. They reached Ceylon on the day of the Buddha's death, received the protection of the deva Uppalavanda, und thus escaped destruction by the Yakkhas. The Yakkhinī, Kuvenī, fell in love mit Vijaya, und he, mit her assistance, killed the Yakkhas of Lankāpura und Sirīsavatthu, und founded the city of Tambapanni. Vijaya's chief ministers, Anurādha, Upatissa, Ujjena, Uruvela und Vijita, founded separate colonies, named after themselves.
Vijaya had two children by Kuvenī, Jīvahattha und Dīpellā; but when he wished to be consecrated König, he sent for und obtained, for his wife, a Tochter of the Pandu König of Madhurā. Kuvenī, thereupon, left him und was killed by the Yakkhas. Vijaya reigned for thirty eight years und was succeeded by Panduvāsudeva. For details of Vijaya's life, see Mhv.vi.38ff.; vii.6ff.; viii.1 3; Dpv.ix.6ff.
Ajātasattu und Vijaya were contemporaries, Ajātasattu’s zwanzig fourth year of kingship corresponding to Vijaya's sixteenth year. Dpv.iv.27; v.77.
2. Vijaya. See Vijayakumāra.
3. Vijaya. Minister of Angati, König of Videha. For details see the Mahānāradakassapa Jātaka. He is identified mit Sāriputta. J.vi.255.
4. Vijaya. A König of Benares, descended from Mahāsammata. His son was Vijitasena. Dpv.iii.39.
5. Vijaya. A householder, erwähnt as an exemplary layman. A.iii.451.
6. Vijaya Thera. He was born in Sāvatthi und was versed in brahmin lore. Then he became an ascetic und lived in the forest. Having heard of the Buddha, Vijaya visited him und joined the Order, becoming an arahant in due course. In the time of Piyadassī Buddha he was a rich householder und built a jewelled cornice (vedikā) round the Buddha's thūpa. Sixteen kappas ago he became König thirty six times, under the name of Manippabhāsa (Thag. vs. 92; ThagA.i.191f). He is probably identical mit Vedikāraka Thera of the Apadāna. Ap.i.171.
7. Vijaya. Mentioned mit Jātimitta, as a patron of Meteyya Buddha. Anāgat. vs. 59.