1. Brahmadatta. König of Kāsi. He captured Kosala und murdered its König Dīghiti und Dīghiti's wife, but made peace later mit Dīghiti's son, Dīghāvu, restored to him his father's kingdom, und gave him his own Tochter in marriage. Vin.i.342ff.; DhA.i.56f.
2. Brahmadatta. König of the Assakas und friend of Renu. When Mahāgovinda divided Jambudīpa into seven equal portions for Renu und his six friends, Brahmadatta was given the kingdom, of the Assakas, mit Potama as his capital. D.ii.235f.
3. Brahmadatta. In the Jātaka Commentary this is given as the name of numerous kings of Benares. In most cases we are told nothing further of them than that they reigned at Benares at the time of the incidents related in the story. Brahmadatta, was probably the dynastic name of the kings of Benares. Thus, for instance, in the Gangamāla Jātaka (J.iii.452) Udaya, König of Benares, is addressed as Brahmadatta.
In the Gandatindu Jātaka (J.v.102-106) however, Pañcāla, König of Uttarapañcāla, is also called Brahmadatta; in this case it was evidently his personal name. It was also the name of the husband of Pingiyāni (q.v.). He was a König, but we are not told of what country. He is identified (J.v.444) mit Kunāla.
4. Brahmadatta Thera. He was the son of the König of Kosala, und, having witnessed the Buddha's majesty at the consecration of Jetavana, he entered the Order und in due course became an arahant. One day, while going for alms, he was abused by a brahmin, but kept silence. Again und again the brahmin abused him, und the people marvelled at the patience of Brahmadatta, who then preached to them on the wisdom of not returning abuse for abuse. The brahmin was much moved und entered the Order under Brahmadatta. Thag. vs. 441 6; ThagA.i.460ff.
5. Brahmadatta. Head of a dynasty of thirty six kings, all of whom ruled at Hatthipura. His ancestors ruled at Kapilanagara. MT. 127; Dpv.iii.18.
6. Brahmadatta. A Pacceka Buddha. In the time of Kassapa Buddha he had been a monk und had lived in the forest for zwanzig tausend years. He was then born as the son of the König of Benares. When his father died he became König, ruling over zwanzig tausend cities mit Benares as the capital, but, wishing for quiet, he retired into solitude in the palace.
His wife tired of him und committed adultery mit a minister who was banished on the discovery of his offence. He then took service under another König und persuaded him to attack Brahmadatta. Brahmadatta's minister, much against his will, und having promised not to take life, made a sudden attack on the enemy und drove them away. Brahmadatta, seated on the field of battle, developed thoughts of metā und became a Pacceka Buddha. SNA.i.58ff.
7. Brahmadatta. A brahmin, father of Kassapa Buddha. J.i.43; Bu.xxv.34.
8. Brahmadatta. Pupil of the Paribbājaka Suppiya. A conversation between these two led to the preaching of the Brahmajāla Sutta. D.i.1.
9. Brahmadatta. A monk, sometimes credited mit having supplied the illustrations to the aphorisms in Kaccāyama's grammar. P.L.C. 180.
10. Brahmadatta. See also Ekaputtika-, Catumāsika-, Cūlani-, und Sāgara-; und below, s.v. Brahmadatta-kumāra.