'concentration'; lit. 'the (mental) state of being firmly fixed' (sam+ā+ hā),

is the fixing of the mind on a single object.


"One-pointedness of mind (cittass' ekaggatā), Brother Visakha, this is called concentration" (M. 44).


Concentration - though often very weak - is one of the 7 mental concomitants inseparably associated with all consciousness. Cf. nāma, cetanā.


Right concentration (sammā-samādhi), as the last link of the 8-fold Path (s. magga), is defined as the 4 meditative absorptions (jhāna). In a wider sense, comprising also much weaker states of concentration, it is associated with all karmically wholesome (kusala) consciousness. Wrong concentration (micchā-samādhi) is concentration associated with all karmically unwholesome (akusala) consciousness. Wherever in the texts this term is not differentiated by 'right' or 'wrong', there 'right' concentration is meant .


In concentration one distinguishes 3 grades of intensity:

Further details, s. bhāvana, Vis.M. III and Fund. IV.


Concentration connected with the 4 noble path-moments (magga), and fruition-moments (phala), is called supermundane (lokuttara), having Nibbāna as object. Any other concentration, even that of the sublimest absorptions is merely mundane (lokiya).


According to D.33, the development of concentration (samādhi-bhāvanā) may procure a 4-fold blessing:

Concentration is one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga), one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala), and the last link of the 8-fold Path.

In the 3-fold division of the 8-fold Path (morality, concentration and wisdom), it is a collective name for the three last links of the path (s. sikkhā).

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