is used in the concrete sense as material food and as such it belongs to
derived corporeality (s. khandha,
In the figurative sense, as 'foundation' or condition, it is one of the 24
conditions (paccaya) and is used to
denote 4 kinds of nutriment, which are material and mental:
- material food (kabalinkārāhāra),
- (sensorial and mental) impression (phassa),
- mental volition (mano-sañcetanā),
- consciousness (viññāna).
- Material food feeds the eightfold corporeality having nutrient essence as
its 8th factor (i.e. the solid, liquid, heat, motion, colour, odour, the
tastable and nutrient essence; s.
- Sensorial and mental impression is a condition for the 3 kinds of feeling
(agreeable, disagreeable and indifferent); s.
- Mental volition (= karma) feeds rebirth; s.
- Consciousness feeds mind and corporeality (nāma-rūpa; ib., 2) at
the moment of conception" (Vis.M. XI).
Literature (on the 4 Nutriments):
- M. 9 & Com. (tr. in 'R. Und.'),
- M 38;
- S. XII, 11, 63, 64 -
- The Four Nutriments of Life, Selected texts & Com. (WHEEL 105/106).