as a doctrinal term, occurs chiefly in two meanings:
1. 'Foundation': four 'foundations' of an Arahat's mentality, mentioned and explained in M. 140: the foundation of wisdom (paññā), of truthfulness (sacca) of liberality (cāga) and of peace (upasama). See also D. 33 and Com.
2. 'Determination', resolution, in: adhitthāna-iddhi, 'magical power of determination' (s. iddhi); adhitthāna-pāramī, 'perfection of resolution' (s. pāramī).